How long are golden retrievers pregnant? – Pregnancy in Dogs

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Golden retrievers are one of the most popular breeds of dogs around the world. They are known for their friendly temperament and ability to be trained as service dogs, hunting companions or family pets.

If you are considering breeding a Golden Retriever, one of the questions you may have is how long are Golden Retrievers pregnant. In this article, we will explore the answers to these questions and provide you with other essential information that you need to know about breeding your golden retriever.

1. Breeding Cycle of Golden Retriever:

To understand how long a Golden Retriever is pregnant, it is important to first understand its reproductive cycle.

Female Golden Retrievers usually begin their reproductive cycle at around six months of age, although they may not reach full maturity until they are two years old.

A female Golden Retriever’s reproductive cycle is divided into four phases: proestrus, estrus, diestrus, and anestrus.

Proestrus is the initial phase, during which the female body prepares for reproduction. The vulva may swell, and she may attract male dogs with her scent, but she is not fertile yet.

The estrous phase is when the female is most fertile and mating can lead to pregnancy. At this stage, the vulva will become more swollen and there may be a bloody discharge.

The estrus phase typically lasts about nine days, although this can vary from dog to dog.

After the estrus stage, the female enters the diestrus stage, which is the period of pregnancy or false pregnancy.

The female has not mated, she may exhibit false pregnancy symptoms such as nesting, producing milk, and displaying maternal behavior. If she has mated, she will become pregnant and carry the puppies to term.

The final stage of the reproductive cycle is anestrus, which is the period of rest between cycles. During this stage, the woman’s body recovers from pregnancy or false pregnancy and prepares for the next cycle.

2. Signs of Pregnancy in Golden Retrievers – golden retrievers pregnant :

If you suspect your female golden retriever may be pregnant, there are several signs to look for. These include:

  • I. Increased appetite.
  • II. Weight gain.
  • III. Enlarged nipples.
  • IV. Nesting behavior.
  • V. Restlessness.
  • VI. Laziness.

It’s important to note that these symptoms can also indicate a false pregnancy, so it’s important to have your golden retriever checked by a veterinarian to confirm pregnancy.

3. Golden Retriever Gestation Period:

Gestation in Golden Retrievers is the period between conception and the birth of puppies. The average gestation period for Golden Retrievers is approximately 63 days.

However, depending on the individual dog, this can vary over a few days. Keeping track of due dates is essential so that you can be prepared for the arrival of the puppies.

4. Preparing for a Golden Retriever Pregnancy:

If you are planning to breed your Golden Retriever, preparing for pregnancy and the arrival of the puppies is essential. Here are some things you should consider:

  • I. Health Check: Before breeding, it is essential to take your Golden Retriever to the vet for a check-up. The vet will examine your dog to ensure it is in good health and suitable for breeding.
  • II. Genetic testing: Golden retrievers are susceptible to some genetic health problems. Before breeding, it’s a good idea to test your dog for this condition to ensure the puppies are healthy.
  • III. Proper Nutrition: Making sure your Golden Retriever is getting a balanced diet with all the necessary nutrients is essential. This will help ensure that she is healthy and that the puppies are developing properly.
  • IV Exercise: Regular exercise is essential to the health and well-being of your Golden Retriever. However, during pregnancy, you should avoid strenuous exercise and do gentle walking.
  • V. Preparing A Helping Area: You will need to prepare a littering area for your pregnant golden retriever. This area should be quiet, warm, and comfortable for your dog to deliver its puppies.

5. Caring for a Pregnant Golden Retriever:

Once your Golden Retriever is pregnant, you’ll need to take extra care of her to ensure she and her puppies stay healthy. Here are some things you should consider:

  • I. Proper nutrition: During pregnancy, your golden retriever will need extra nutrition to keep her and her puppies healthy. It is essential to feed her high-quality dog food that is specially designed for pregnant dogs
  • II. Regular Vet Check-ups: Taking your pregnant Golden Retriever to the vet for regular check-ups is essential. The veterinarian will monitor her health and the health of the puppies.
  • III. Gentle exercise: Regular exercise during pregnancy is still essential, but you should avoid strenuous exercise. A gentle walk is a good way to keep your Golden Retriever active and healthy.
  • IV. Monitoring: You will need to monitor your Golden Retriever closely during pregnancy. Watch for any signs of discomfort or distress and contact your vet if you are concerned.
  • V. Preparation for Delivery: As the due date approaches, you will need to prepare for the delivery of the puppy. Make sure you have everything you need, like clean towels, scissors, and a heat lamp. You should also have contact details for a vet in case of an emergency.

6. Birth and Delivery of Golden Retriever Puppies: 

When it’s time for a Golden Retriever to deliver her puppies, there are some signs to watch for. About 24 hours before labor begins, the dog may become restless, agitated, and may start to scream.

He may start panting and licking his genitals. Once labor begins, you will notice that the dog’s contractions are becoming more frequent and stronger. This stage is known as the first stage of labor, and it can last anywhere between 6 and 12 hours.

In the second stage of labor, which can last between 30 minutes and 2 hours, the puppies will begin to be born. Providing the mother with a comfortable and warm place to give birth, such as a whelping box, is essential.

The mother will spontaneously begin to clean her pups and cut the umbilical cord. However, if he doesn’t, you may need to step in and help him. It is important to be gentle and careful when handling puppies, as they are fragile and can be injured easily.

After all the puppies are born, the mother will enter the third stage of labor, where she will deliver the placenta.

It is essential to count the number of placentas and make sure there is one for each puppy. Failure to deliver all of the placenta can cause complications and infections for the mother and her pups.

7. Postnatal Care for Golden Retriever Puppies:

After the puppies are born, it is important to provide proper care for both mother and her puppies. The mother will need plenty of food and water, as she will be making milk for her puppies.

It is also essential to keep the whelping box clean and dry to prevent infections and ensure a comfortable environment for the puppies.

During the first few weeks of life, puppies will be completely dependent on their mother for their milk and warmth.

Monitoring their weight and making sure they are gaining weight at a healthy rate is crucial. If you notice any signs of distress or unusual behavior, it is essential to contact a veterinarian immediately.

As puppies grow, they will begin to become more active and curious. Providing them with plenty of socialization and playtime is crucial to help them develop into quite consistent and friendly dogs.

Regular vet visits are also essential to make sure puppies are healthy and up-to-date on their vaccinations.


A Golden Retriever pregnancy lasts about 63 days, and the birth and delivery process can last up to 12 hours. After the puppies are born, it is essential to provide proper care to both the mother and her puppies to ensure a healthy and happy start to their lives.

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